As creator and source of all truth, God has the right to command belief and obedience from all human beings. Although in some cases God exercises authority directly, he normally uses other means such as communicating his message to human beings. This occurs in the bible. The Holy Spirit illuminates and applies the teaching of the bible to both the human understanding and the heart. All scripture is historically authoritative, that is, it tells us correctly what occurred and what God expected from specific persons at particular times and places. Some of scripture is also normatively authoritative. That means that those parts of scripture are to be applied and obeyed in the same fashion in which they were originally given.
- For what reasons is the Holy Spirit needed if we are to understand the bible and be certain of its truth?
- What is the importance of 1 Corinthians 2:14 in relation to the Holy Spirit?
- Compare and contrast the objective and subjective components of authority
- How are biblical hermeneutics and apologetics involved in the relationship between scripture and reason?